For technical reasons, the general rules of restrictions of certain hazardous substances (RoHS) to electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) do not apply to all types of materials or applications. For example, some glass materials may require lead above the general threshold of 0.1%. Complex EEE typically benefits from at least one exemption. EU RoHS exemptions either apply to all in-scope electrical and electronic product categories or only some of them, like medical devices or monitoring and control instruments.
However, RoHS intends to reduce the number of possible exemptions so that EEE contains as few RoHS substances as possible.