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ELV or End-of-Live Vehicules in its long form, is a regulation addressing the recycling of automotive products. Among other requirements, the idea here is to reduce the concentration of hazardous substances in most components of the automotive industry.

The ELV Directive

The ELV Directive 2000/53/EC on end-of-Life vehicles is a European Union regulation designed to improve vehicle dismantling and recycling while reducing overall environmental impact.

The End-of-Life Vehicles Directive aspires to limit hazardous waste from automobiles destined for the European market.

ELV End of Life Vehicle

Scope and Application of End-of-Life Velicules Rules

ELV covers the following vehicles placed in the EU market, including all of their components and materials:

ELV Compliance Scope
  • Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver’s seat (Category M1);
  • Vehicles used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum weight not exceeding 3.75 metric tons (Category N1); and
  • Most three-wheel motor vehicles, except motor tricycles.

Clearly, regulating a popular product like road vehicles requires assistance from manufacturers. Indeed, the automobile industry acts as the other half of the implementation arm for enacting this regulation. Supplier obligations are numerous and include the following:

  • prevention, as laid out in Article 4. Suppliers must work with designers and other manufacturers to ensure new vehicles are compliant. As a result, one target of the ELV directive that directly applies to manufacturers and importers is preventing the use of hazardous substances early in the design stage.
  • collection and treatment, as laid out in Articles 5 and 6. Suppliers must help set up and maintain outlets for late-cycle vehicles that are both accessible to consumers and efficient at end-of-life activities. Such activities include stripping, depollution, and environmentally-safe storage. These final ELV life phases are of particular importance, and manufacturers are under obligation to carry out these requirements by “tak[ing all] necessary measures”.
  • reuse and recovery, as laid out in Article 7. After collecting and treating end-of-life vehicles, manufacturers must also encourage the reuse and recovery of available materials. In January 2015, the rates per vehicle became 95% for reuse and recovery and 85% for reuse and recycling.

Similarities between RoHS and ELV

The ELV Directive is very similar in its functioning to the Europe RoHS 1 (via Directive 2002/95/EC):

  • The same four heavy metals are restricted: cadmium, hexavalent chromium, lead, and mercury. However, ELV does not regulate other substances like the RoHS phthalates (BBP, DBP, DEHP, and DIBP) or brominated compounds (PBBs and PBDEs).
  • The threshold limits apply at the homogeneous material level, per Annex II of Directive 2000/53/EC. Similarly to RoHS, the general thresholds are 0.1 % for every restricted substance, except cadmium, which is ten times lower at 0.01% (100 ppm).
  • Moreover, specific exemptions may apply and must appear in the product’s technical file. Some ELV exemptions are identical to EU RoHS, like copper alloys containing up to 4% lead w/w. If used, several exemptions require explicit labels.
ELV Used Cars

Toward this goal, the European Commission has made the ELV guidance document publicly available with an insightful FAQ section.

Because of these similarities, Enviropass follows the same conformity assessment approach for both RoHS and ELV.

Finally, other requirements, like IMDS, may apply to you as a manufacturer serving the automotive industry.

Want to know more about ELV and how Enviropass can assist you with certificates of compliance?

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