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This is a question that most manufacturers wonder about on RoHS enforcement. What if my products are not fully compliant? What are the risks of getting caught by a surveillance authority in the European Union?

The Basic Rules of RoHS, REACH and POP

First of all, let’s summarize what is at stake when it comes to complying with RoHS, REACH SVHC, and Persistent Organic Pollutants POP. 

These elementary precepts apply to most electronic equipment:

  • RoHS: Restriction of 10 hazardous substances
  • REACH SVHC: Restriction of substances in applications listed in the Annex XVII and obligation to declare substances of very high concern (SVHC) above a certain threshold

The Penalties for Violations in the Regulation

RoHS, REACH SVHC, and Persistent Organic Pollutants regulations contain provisions from enforcement and penalties in case of violations.

RoHS Enforcement: Fines and Imprisonment Provisions

RoHS Fines

Article 23 of the Directive 2011/65/EU on RoHS gives the EU Member States the obligation to set rules on penalties.

As a result, in the German regulation for the enforcement of RoHS, surveillance authorities can give up to 30 000 euros fines, and a maximum of 1 year of imprisonment to the importer of non-RoHS compliant products.

Denmark has no maximum fine. Imprisonment can be up to 2 years, depending on the seriousness of the RoHS violation.

REACH Penalties

REACH SVHC Annex XVII violations

Infringements to REACH SVHC and Annex XVII also differ from a European country to another. Yet, all of them specify Reach penalties, as per article 126 of the REACH Regulation No. 1907/2006

For example, Germany can give a penalty of 50 000 euros in maximum, if the SVHC content information is not given on time for a specific product. In France, it is up-to 15 000 euros, with daily penalties of 1 500 euros. 

Like RoHS, both administrative and criminal penalties of REACH violations are enacted in most European countries.

Enforcement of the POP Substances Limitations

The same enforcement approach applies to the Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) regulation. Every Member State must include, in its national regulation, provisions for POP enforcement and actions in case of infringements of POP. Article 14 of the POP Regulation 2019/1021 specifies that such penalties ‘must be effective, proportionate and dissuasive‘.

Other Applicable Actions for Enforcement

Once a Member State votes its national enforcement law, its surveillance authorities and agencies make sure of its implementation, via inspections and risk assessment.

POP enforcement violations

The powers of enforcement typically include: 

  • Making test purchases 
  • Inspecting processes, documents, goods, electrical and electronic equipment (EEE)
  • Seizing and detaining EEE, documents, information 
  • Performing analytical tests 
  • Prohibiting or restricting the placing of non-compliant goods on the market 
  • Issuing a recall notice. At its expense, the producer or the importer will arrange the return, the repair, and the replacement of the products
Trade Inspections Product import

These environmental compliance surveillance actions are performed when a product crosses a border, and anywhere on the market and they tend to get reinforced over the years.

The Penalties for Violations in the Regulation

The European Commission manages a web-based platform displaying non-compliant products, with weekly alerts.  This is the rapid alert system – called the Safety Gate RAPEX, for Rapid Exchange.

Various types of risks and violations are monitoring via Rapex, including:

  • Environmental, like RoHS and Persistent Organic Pollutants POP
  • Chemicals, like REACH SVHC
  • Health risk and microbiological hazards
  • Electric shock, on electrical safety
  • Asphyxiation, choking, drowning, strangulations, and suffocations
  • Fire, Burns
  • Cuts and entrapment
  • Damage to hearing or sight
  • Other Injuries and harm
Safety Gate Rapex Website

Most of the delinquent products are withdrawn from the EU market. Here are some examples of products that are published on Rapex, for product environmental compliance concerns:

RoHS Enforcement for Non-Compliant Products

Non RoHS cable

Consumer products that have been found non-compliant include:

  • USB cables containing lead solder: 8.4% instead of the permitted limit of 0.1%
  • USB chargers with cadmium level of 0.9% by weight, which is 90 times the normal threshold
  • Digital alarm clock switches containing mercury above the thresholds and without valid RoHS exemptions
  • A plastic sword toy wires with 5.7% of bromine (PBBs or PBDEs)
  • Plastic buckle with head torch containing 0.28% of deca-BDE (PBDE)

REACH Non-Conformities

Non REACH compliant solder
  • Soldering wire with 40% lead by weight that is not labeled for restricted use only by professionals (violation of REACH Annex XVII)
  • Fancy dress costume toys with 2.3% di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), while the threshold per component 0.1% (declarable SVHC)
  • Super glue with excessive concentration of chloroform chemicals (violation of REACH Annex XVII)

POP Compliance Issues

Multimeter POP Regulation violations

Safety Gate examples of non-compliant POP substances are: 

  • Digital Multimeter cables with 0.87 % of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs)
  • Plastic doll toys di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), di-butyl phthalate (DBP) (SVHC), and di-isononyl phthalate (DINP) (annex XVII)

What should I do to Avoid Non-Compliance Issues?

Whether it is RoHS, REACH SVHC, Persistent Organic Pollutants POP, batteries, or packaging regulations, the key management concept is due diligence. 

Enviropass recommends implementing internally a robust product environmental management system using the most advanced and well-recognized standards, like the IEC 63000 for RoHS

To show due diligence, documented environmental compliance procedures, risk analyses, and product technical files should be in place.

Enviropass has developed unparalleled compliance tools to help you reduce your product compliance risks. Contact Enviropass today for a free online consulting hour!